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What is Orthodontic Treatment?

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Orthodontic treatment is the specialised correction of improperly positioned teeth and jaws. Crooked teeth and teeth that do not fit together correctly are harder to keep clean, are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and periodontal disease and cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches, MJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain. Many different types of appliances, both fixed and removable, are used to help move teeth, retrain muscles and affect the growth of the jaws. The severity of your problem will determine which orthodontic approach is likely to be the most effective.

Typical teeth and jaw problems which require orthodontics include



Sometimes called “buck teeth”-where the upper front teeth lie too far forward (stick out) over the lower teeth.


A “bulldog” appearance where the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper teeth too far back.


When the upper teeth do not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting together normally.


Space between the biting surfaces of the front and/or side teeth when the back teeth bite together.


When the centre of your upper front teeth does not line up with the centre of your lower front teeth.


Spaces form between the teeth as a result of missing teeth or teeth that do not “fill up” the mouth.


When there are too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate. Take time to study our gallery to identify patients with similar problems and see how we have shaped their smile.